What is Zoning?
Zoning is a tool used by local governments to manage the physical development of land and the uses to which individual properties may be put. Typically, zoning is used to protect existing uses from potential negative impacts of new uses, to guide growth, and to influence building form.
Zoning codes generally specify areas in which residential, commercial, industrial, recreational, or other activities may take place. This is done by creating zoning classifications that allow certain uses and prohibit others. Zoning classifications usually also limit the bulk and density of buildings to ensure compatible development.
Among other things, zoning can be used to guide: